Last year, Turkey and the Tripoli-based Government of the National Agreement (GNA) reached a Memorandum of Understanding to demarcate their maritime borders. The agreement, which would allow them to claim large areas of the Mediterranean and potential energy resources, has been denounced by Greece, Cyprus and other nations. In August 2020, Egypt and Greece signed an agreement that designated an exclusive economic zone between the two countries. The announcement was made at a joint press conference with the foreign ministers of the two countries, during which inter in allia stated that the agreement provided for a partial delimitation of maritime borders between the two countries and that the remaining delimitation would be achieved through consultations.  The parliaments of both countries quickly ratified the agreement and in October 2020, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi signed the agreement, which was later published in the country`s Official Journal.  Turkey dismissed the agreement between Greece and Egypt as “null and void,” adding that Greece and Egypt had no common maritime border.  Greek Prime Minister Mitsotakis hopes to win the support of the White House during his visit to the United States and strengthen his hand in the agreement between Egypt and Greece to delimit the EEZ. The EU said it would be available to the Greek and Cypriot duo on the current issue and called on Turkey to act in accordance with European Neighbourhood Policy and stressed that the text of the treaty should be published. On the other hand, southern Cyprus has announced that it will prepare an appeal to the International Court of Justice. However, in accordance with Article 59 of UNCLOS, “the conflict should be resolved on the basis of justice and taking into account all relevant circumstances, taking into account the respective importance of the interests involved to the parties and to the international community as a whole.” NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg answered a question about Turkey`s drilling activities in the eastern Mediterranean at the 2019 NATO Summit in London. “Both Greece and Turkey are valued allies and they both contribute to our common security. There are some differences of opinion and I am pleased that there are bilateral contacts trying to address these differences,” Stoltenberg said, adding that NATO was not part of these bilateral discussions. He also said that one of the reasons NATO has succeeded is that it does not participate “in all the difficult issues” in the region.
It is an indication that the Greeks are turning their wheels, if at all. Turkey`s Libya deal also has implications for the prospects of libya`s brutal civil war, where Ankara and its Gulf ally, Qatar, support the Government of the National Agreement (GNA), while the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, France and Russia support rival forces led by Khalifa Haftar, a 75-year-old warlord. According to the Turkish daily Daily Sabah, the new agreement consists of the establishment of 200 nautical miles of EEZ and a facility of 18.6 nautical miles of continental shelf.  According to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Turkish position is that it protects its sovereign rights over the blue economy and defends its rights over the disputed area of the Mediterranean.  According to the Anadolu agency, the legality of the EEZ borders in the Mediterranean should also be determined by continental and continental data, instead of island calculations.  The dispute has left Ankara looking for allies in the region. The new agreements were signed on Wednesday during a meeting between Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan and Fayez al-Serraj, head of the Tripoli government, which supports Ankara against a rival military power in eastern Libya.