The UK government is also conducting trade negotiations with countries that do not currently have trade agreements with the EU, such as the United States, Australia and New Zealand. The UK has left the EU, but its trade relations remain unchanged until the end of the year. That`s because it`s in an 11-month transition – designed to give both sides some time to negotiate a new trade deal. A Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) is an agreement in which countries recognize the results of the other`s compliance assessment. To date, more than 20 of these existing agreements, covering 50 countries or territories, have been shaken up with the exception of the I.V. and will begin on 1 January 2021. Based on 2018 figures, this represents about 8% of total trade in the UK. But it is clear that new agreements with some countries will not be ready in time. The European Commission reports annually on the implementation of its main trade agreements in the previous calendar year. Trade agreements also aim to remove quotas – limiting the amount of goods that can be traded. The UK trade agreement with Israel includes the assessment of industrial product compliance. This means that existing agreements with Israel will continue after 31 December 2020. Changes to the table “Trade Agreements outstanding”: “Percentage of total trade in the UK, 2018” has been updated following the publication of trade statistics from the Office for National Statistics.
On May 15, the May round of trade negotiations (by video conference) ended with an agreement, with each side holding the other responsible for the lack of progress.  While these discussions were ongoing, Cabinet Minister Michael Gove raised the question of whether a quota and tariff agreement (such as the CET agreement between the EU and Canada) could be a better option, but EU sources rejected the idea of agreeing conditions within the allotted time.  On 19 May, the British government published its draft agreement.  Discussions are under way between the EU and the UK to reach a free trade agreement after Brexit before the end of the year. The August round of negotiations ended on 21 August with “little progress.”   The EU`s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, said there was little time left and said it was “unlikely” that an agreement could be reached.  Britain`s chief negotiator David Frost said: “An agreement is always possible, and that is still our goal, but it is clear that it will not be easy to achieve it. In a number of areas of future cooperation between the UK and the EU, substantial work is still needed if we are to implement them. We had some useful discussions this week, but there has been little progress.  Barnier questioned the sudden British surprise at the threat of the loss of interstate (and non-domestic) cabotage rights for British carriers, as this was an advantage of the internal market that the United Kingdom had left and never available to third countries.
 The UK trade agreement with Switzerland contains elements of the EU-Switzerland MRA.